Competency-based education (CBE) is an “approach [that] encourages students to advance based on their capacity to master a skill or competency at their own pace, regardless of environment”. This approach can be tailored to suit a variety of learning styles and can result in more successful student outcomes. One of the key benefits of CBE is that learning centers on real-world skills and competency development. Students are empowered because they have control over when, where and how they learn. It focuses on the final outcome and not the excursion. CBE also promotes individualized learning and accommodates an assortment of learning styles, making it a truly personalized experience.

The focus of NEP 2020, is on development of competencies of a student, which in turn, will help students improve critical thinking and apply what have learned in their daily lives.

Major shifts envisioned in NEP are Art-integrated, sports-integrated, and story-telling-based pedagogies would be used to move classroom transactions toward competency-based learning. In terms of optimal learning outcomes, less emphasis on input and more emphasis on performance capacity. The learning outcomes, skills, and personality for each subject in a given class will be matched with formative and adaptive evaluation “as” “of” and “for” learning. Exam to evaluate achievement of learning outcomes by assessing core concepts of knowledge, applicable higher order skills, knowledge implementation in real-life contexts, and meeting 21st-century ability requirements.